In Japan, the word “Scrivener” is used as a standard translation of Shoshi (書士) to refer to legal professions such as clerk and administrative clerk. The doctrine of “scribe error” is the legal principle that a mapping or typing error in a written contract can be corrected by oral evidence if the evidence is clear, convincing and precise. If such a correction (called the Scrivener amendment) affects property rights, it must be approved by the parties concerned.  The Registrar`s job was to write letters for the court, draft legal documents, and perform tasks that required reading and drafting documents and content. It is an error made in the copying or transmission of legal documents, as opposed to an error in judgment, which is an error in the exercise of judgment or discretion, or a technical error, which is an error in the interpretation of a statute, regulation or principle. There is abundant case law on the proper handling of a clerical error. For example, if the parties enter into an oral agreement which, if reduced to a written form, is incorrectly transcribed, the aggrieved party is entitled to reform so that the written form corresponds to the oral agreement. A scribe (or scribe) was a person who could read and write or write letters to the court and legal documents. Writers were people who made a living by writing or copying written materials. This usually meant secretarial and administrative tasks such as dictating and conducting affairs, justice, and historical records for kings, nobles, temples, and cities. The Scriveners went on to become civil servants, accountants, lawyers and petitioners.  For example, a typographical error, an accidental error, a minor error, or the unintentional addition or omission of a word that alters the meaning of a contract or legal document. Scrivener`s legal doctrine of errors refers to the principle that a typographical error in a contract can be corrected by the courts if the evidence convincingly demonstrates that an error occurred.
“Judicial Scrivener” is a term used to refer to similar legal professions in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. Clerks assist clients in commercial and real estate registration proceedings and in the preparation of documents for disputes. n. a person writing a document for another, usually for a fee. If a lawyer simply writes the terms of a lease or contract exactly as requested by the client, without giving legal advice, then the lawyer is just a writer and is unlikely to be responsible for legal errors (unless they are so obvious that they warrant comment). A non-lawyer can act as a writer without getting into trouble if he practices as an unlicensed lawyer. A person who is not a lawyer may act as a clerk and prepare a legal document on behalf of a client, without being liable for legal errors, unless the document differs significantly from the form provided by the client. Especially in Europe, a person acting as an agent or carrier can be called a scribe, in reference to an earlier time when people relied on the services of other people to make commercial agreements and make contracts. The word “scribe” is derived from the Latin word for “scribe.” In law, a scriver acts as a clerk by transcribing legal documents such as contracts or drafting contracts on behalf of a lawyer. A scribe can also be someone who keeps records and performs various administrative tasks, including dictation, transcriptions, etc.
This term is rarely used in the legal profession today and is more often seen in a historical sense. The Scrivener error doctrine is a legal principle that corrects a typo in a written contract with parol evidence if the evidence is clear, convincing and precise. However, if such a correction concerns property rights, it must be approved by the parties concerned. Scrivener`s error is an error attributable to a minor error or negligence, not an error arising from a judicial argument or conclusion. A writer`s mistake may be a reason for an appellate court to refer a decision back to the trial court. For example, in Ortiz v. In the state of Florida, Ortiz had been convicted of possession of less than 20 grams of marijuana, a misdemeanor. However, Ortiz was wrongly convicted of a felony. The Court of Appeal held that “we must refer the case back to the trial court to correct a scribe`s error.”  The term “clerical error” appears regularly in property law. A legal description on a plot of land is a very complex animal and it is very easy to make a bad rating. Scrivener errors are so common in property law that such errors are common and ways have been found to correct obvious errors. These errors are usually evident in land transfers and are corrected when discovered.
In certain circumstances, courts may also correct clerical errors in primary law.  There is also a concept in the law known as “scribe`s error,” which states that if an error in a written document is clearly the result of an error by the person who wrote it, it can be corrected by oral testimony as long as the testimony is clear and unambiguous. For example, if on a map the name of a town is incorrectly marked as “Litleton” when it is clearly marked “Littleton”, this can be corrected under this doctrine.