n. certain written communications that may be treated as confidential and that do not have to be disclosed as evidence to the court, to which a witness responds, whether in testimony or in court, or that are made available to the parties to a dispute or their counsel. This is based on the inherent private relationship between the communicating person and the profession or the confidant`s relationship with it. This includes communication between husband and wife, lawyer and client, doctor or other medical person (most therapists) and a patient, minister or priest and parishioner (or someone seeking spiritual help) and a journalist and source in some states. Moral conflicts can arise when a murderer or child molester confesses to his priest, who is obliged by his priestly vows to silence and confidentiality and cannot reveal confession in legal matters. The communication regulations are found in Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations of the Federal Communications Commission and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration of the United States Department of Commerce, as well as in the state regulatory codes of each state`s Public Utilities Commission. Communications lawyers are represented by the Federal Communications Bar Association, an organization of lawyers and engineers involved in “the development, interpretation and practice of communications law and policy.”  Treaties. Information; consultation; Conference. 2. For the conclusion of a contract, it is essential that an agreement is concluded. the mere communication or conference therefore does not constitute a contract; Nor can proof of such communication be provided to conclude, contradict or amend a written agreement. Communications laws govern the activities of a communications service provider and the use of public funds for the use of communications facilities and services in the following broad areas: To qualify for privileged status, the communication must generally take place in a private environment (i.e., in a context where confidentiality can reasonably be expected). The privilege is lost (cancelled) if the communication is transmitted in whole or in part to a third party.
Extensive federal regulations have left the state with little or no role in regulating broadcast communications. For example, states cannot regulate the content of broadcast programs (even if the television station is located in the state) and cannot require that films broadcast through the station be submitted to a state censorship committee for approval. A conversation that takes place in a protected relationship, such as between a lawyer and a client, a husband and wife, a priest and a penitent, a doctor and a patient. The law often protects against forced disclosure of such conversations. However, there are exceptions that may invalidate privileged disclosure, and there are various circumstances in which it may or may not be waived intentionally. Privilege of conjugal communication. The courts cannot force husbands and wives to disclose the contents of confidential communications made during marriage. The purpose of this privilege is to protect and promote honesty and trust in marriages. the information provided; knowledge sharing among themselves; Conference; Consultation or negotiations for the conclusion of a contract Including sexual intercourse; Connection.
In French law. The submission of a merchant`s books by handing them over either to a person designated by the court or to his opponent for investigation in all their parts, and to the extent deemed necessary for the arg. Fr. Merc Law trial, 552. Confidential communications. These are certain types of communications exchanged between persons who have a confidential or fiduciary relationship with each other (or who are subject to a special duty of secrecy and fiduciary duty because of their relative circumstances), the disclosure of which is not permitted by law or which does not allow them to be questioned before a court of law. in the name of public order and the good order of society. Examples of such privileged relationships are those of husband and wife, lawyer and client. Hatton vs. Robinson, 14 picks. (Mass.) 416, 25 hours.
December 415; Parker vs. Carter, 4 Munf. (Va.) 287, 6:513; Chirac v. Reinicker, 11 Wheat 280, 6 L. Ed. 474: Parkhurst v. Berdell, 110 N. Y. 386, 18 N. E. 123, 6 a.m. St.
Rep. 384. Privileged communication. In the law of evidence. A communication made to a lawyer, lawyer or professional lawyer that he is not authorized to disclose; Otherwise, it is called “confidential communication”. 1 Starkie, Ev. 185. In the law of defamation and defamation. A defamatory statement made to another person in the exercise of a political, legal, social or personal duty, so that a lawsuit for defamation or defamation will not lie even if the statement is false, unless in the last two cases factual malice is also proven.